The text of the gray granite centennial marker across the road from the cemetery:
From the historical marker across the road from the cemetery:
The pictured marker at the cemetery reads
Rutersville College marker photos
Rutersville College 1841 Annual Catalogue
Rutersville, Fayette County, Texas
TRUSTEES OF THE COLLEGE
|Rev. Chauncey Richardson, A.M., Pres't of Board
Hon. Andrew Rabb
Rev Dr. Wm. P. Smith
Rev. A. P. Manley, M.D.
Mr. Jonas Randall
Mr. John A. King
|Mr. Franklin Lewis
Mr. Wager S. Smith
Mr. Horatio Chrisman
Mr. John Rabb, Treasurer of the Board
Mr. Thos. D. Fisher, Sec'y of the Board
|Hon. James Webb
Hon. G. W. Barnett
Hon. Francis Moore
|Rev. R. Alexander
Hon. Wm. Menefee
Col. R. B. Jarman
Rev. C. Richardson, A.M., President, and acting Professor of Moral Science and Belle Letters
Rev. C. W. Thomas, A.B., Professor of Ancient Languages and Mathematics
Mr. Thomas Bell, Tutor
Mrs. Martha G. Richardson, Preceptress.
|Alfred Alway, Rutersville
Frederic Alway, Rutersville
Frances H. Ayers, Centre Hill
David T. Ayers, Centre Hill
George Barrier, Rutersville
Lionel Browne, Washington Co.
John H. Browne, Washington Co.
Rector H. Chrisman, Washington Co.
Eliphalet W. Crawford, Rutersville
John B. Crawford, Washington Co.
Charles L Cleveland, Brazoria
James B. Cox, Rutersville
James H. Dennis, Washington Co.
Richard Davis, Fayette Co.
Gallant W. Davis, Fayette Co.
Robert M. Eastland, La Grange
Rufus L. Fisher, Rutersville
Thomas B. Fisher, Rutersville
Nathaniel M. Gilliland, Travis Co.
Stephen S. Grey, Rutersville
Patrict Grey, Rutersville
S. B. Hendricks, Mount Vernon
Gerard Heyden, Rutersville
Asa C. Hill, Rutersville
John C. Hill, Rutersville
Dennis Hurley, Rutersville
Constantine Killough, Rutersville
Wm. B. Lockhart, Gonzales
George Lawrence, Groce's Retreat
Wm. B. Munson, Brazoria
|S. Mordella Munson, Brazoria
Gerard B. Munson, Brazoria
Alexander W. Morrow, Rutersville
James L. Morrow, Rutersville
Alfred Moore, Rutersville
John C. C. Moore, Rutersville
Lumberd Mims, Brazoria
James J. Norton, Rutersville
Thomas K. Nelson, Rutersville
Lewis M. Nail, Rutersville
Quincy S. Nail, Rutersville
Clark B. Nail, Rutersville
Pleasant M. Nail, Rutersville
Charles Randall, Rutersville
Oliver P. Randall, Rutersville
Nathaniel Rudder, Brazoria
Calvin R. Rankin, Fayette Co.
B. M. P. Rabb, Rutersville
G. W. Rabb, Rutersville
John W. Rabb, Rutersville
James A. J. Smith, Pleasant Grove
Robert H. M. C. Smith, Pleasant Grove
Jordon W. Sweeny, Brazoria
David K Sutherland, Ward Co.
Thomas Sutherland, Ward Co.
John Shearne, Houston
George C. Tennille, Rutersville
Edward Toney, Rutersville
J. N. McD. Thomson, Milam Co.
Martha Ann Alway, Rutersville
Celia Alway, Rutersville
Caroline M. K. D. Ayers, Centre Hill
Emily A. Cox, Rutersville
Julia A. A. Cox, Rutersville
Melissa Crownover, Fayette Co.
Martha Davis, Fayette Co.
O. A. M. Edwards, Rutersville
Isabella H. Fisher , Rutersville
Rebecca Gilliland, Travis Co.
Martha Hodge, Fayette co.
Elizabeth E. A. Hunt, Bastrop Co.
Sarah A. A. Hill, Bastrop Co.
Elizabeth L. Hill, Rutersville
Sarah Ann Hill, Rutersville
M. A. R. Hill, Rutersville
Martha Ann Hill, Rutersville
Amanda C. Jarman, Fayette Co.
Jane H. Kerr, Washington Co.
Elizabeth A Killough, Rutersville
Penesy Jane Killough, Rutersville
N. Caroline T. King, Rutersville
Nancy W. Kirk, Fort Bend Co.
Harriet C. Kirk, Fort Bend Co.
Margaret J. Lockhart, Gonzales
Mary Lawrence, Groce's Retreat
Emeline Lawrence, Groce's Retreat
Amanda M. F. Moore, Rutersville
Caroline E. Manley, Rutersville
Elvira Nail, Rutersville
Melissa C. Rabb, Rutersville
Martha C. Rich, Rutersville
Ann Sophia Richardson, Rutersville
R. Frances Smith, Austin
Elizabeth M. Sutherland, Jackson Co.
George Ann Sutherland, Jackson Co.
Maria C. Tennille, Rutersville
Sarah Ann Tennille, Rutersville
Susannah C. Thomson, Milam Co.
Mary Jane Williams, Rutersville
A Footprints of Fayette article by Gary McKee:
Military Life in Rutersville
The Texas Monument and Military Institute opened in Rutersville in 1856. Under their guidelines, a college year was forty weeks, divided into two sessions. Vacation was from July 1st to August 31st and a holiday of one week or ten days at Christmas. An overview of the school follows:
Discipline: military; the drill of company and battalion, and guard-duty, taught practically.
Class Work: French was substituted for Greek as a foreign language and a strong emphasis on the sciences, including engineering and astronomy.
Dress: uniform, summer: linen jackets and pants. Winter: gray cloth jackets and pants.
Punishment: demerit-marks, confinement to limits, to quarters, to guardroom, arrest, demission, expulsion.
Cadetship: attained by parents or guardians signing with applicant’s pledge of obedience to laws. The applicant must pass examinations in reading, writing and arithmetic, using tables and simple rules. Applicants must be twelve years old and fifty-two inches in height, and must have been honorably discharged from their former schools.
Charges: Tuition in the Academic Department: $30 per sessions; College Department: $50 per session; Board, washing, lighting, and fuel: $12 per month; Library Fund: $5 per year. Tuition will be refunded only in cases of protracted illness or death. All payable fees are payable one session in advance. No cadet will be allowed to owe the Institute. Spending money will be furnished by the Superintendant. Cadets will pay for all their own furniture, make their own beds, and attend some church on Sunday. They are not permitted to keep horses or arms.
Discipline: The utmost precisions in discharging the duties prescribed; unremitting devotion to study and absolute obedience to those in authority will be exacted from every Cadet.
Order of the Day: Reveille at daylight, at which the cadets parade, and answer to their names at roll-call; they then retire to their rooms and put them in proper police for inspection, in fifteen minutes after breaking ranks. Study hours till breakfast. Recreation to 8 ½ A.M. (Roll Call). Study and recreation till half past 12. Recreation (including dinner) to 2 P.M. Study and recitation till 4 P.M. (Roll Call). Drill till 5 P.M. Evening parade at 5 P.M. Recreation (including supper and prayers) till 7 ½ P.M. (Roll Call). Study hours till tattoo (Roll Call). Tattoo at 9 P.M. (Roll Call) [tattoo is the drum call to return to barracks]. Taps at 9 P.M., when lights must be extinguished and cadets all in bed. Inspection by officers immediately after taps and during nights. Summer hours are pushed back one hour.
The Institute closed its doors with the outbreak of the Civil War and the young men marched off to practice what they had learned. But no school could prepare the students for the horrors of the upcoming conflict.
|Weimar Mercury, 27 Jan 1961
Texas's Oldest University Traveled a Rocky Road
by Mary Elizabeth Fox
Southwestern University at Georgetown will observe the 121st birthday Feb. 5.
Special events marking the anniversary of Texas' oldest university will be the morning church service at First Methodist church at 10:50 and a "birthday party" at 4:00 o'clock in the afternoon in the Bishop's Memorial Union building on the campus.
Attending the one-day celebration will be alumni and friends of the university.
From about 50 students and an endowment of $25,000 in 1840, Southwestern university has grown to more than 650 students and an endowment of almost $5,500,000.
Stunned, Not Killed
During its early days, the university met almost every conceivable obstacle . . . . war, pestilence, rivalry, failure, success, all became a part of the history of the school. War, yellow fever, indebtedness, etc., did not kill the university; only stunned it at times.
Today the grounds of the university comprise altogether more than 500 acres within and adjoining the corporate limits of Georgetown.
All Went to War
Approximately 3300 students from Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Indian Territory, and Missouri attended the college from 1841-1869. The Civil War dealt a blow to the college. There was a time when the president, Dr. G. W. Carter, and all of the students went off to war and classes were suspended for the duration of the war.
It was in 1836, when the cause of Texas freedom hung in the balance and when reports from Texas told of a dire need for religion and education, that Martin Ruter, then 52 and president of Allegheny college in Meadville, Pennsylvania, asked to be sent to Texas. He traveled by water from Pennsylvania to Texas and oftern remarked, "The way to Heaven is a short from Texas as from any other spot!"
Called Rutersville College
In seven short months this one man laid the foundation for higher education in Texas, for it was through his efforts that Rutersville College, which eventually became Southwestern University, was established. At ther end of his first 60 days in Texas, he had traveled by horseback 1200 miles. He made one trip to Bastrop with an armed escort of three men to protect him from marauding Indians.
When a group of laymen pledged themselves to establish a university despite the difficulties which loomed ahead, it was decided that the university should be placed in a town away from the temptations of drinking and gambling. There the men met a setback, for, in their estimation, no Texas town could qualify from a moral standpoint. Undaunted they decided to form a corporation, purchase a league of land and develop a new townsite. They named the town Rutersville, which was also the name of the college.
Rutersville was granted a charter by the Fourth Congress of the Republic of Texas, Feb. 5, 1840. The charter was dated 1840, but the school was in operation in 1839.
Fled Yellow Fever
The alumni of Rutersville College, Wesleyan College (established at San Augustine in 1844), McKenzie College (established in Clarksville in 1848), and Soule University (established at Chappel Hill in 1856) are alumni of Southwestern University located in Georgetown in 1870 in answer to the search of a place free from yellow fever.
By action of the firve Texas conferences of the Methodist Church, a central university was planned with the location in Georgetown. This institution opened its first session on Oct. 6, 1873, under the name of Texas University. In 1875 the name was changed to its present form, Southwestern University, when the desire for a state university was manifested. . . .
Article by Julia Lee Sinks in the Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, published in October 1898.
Online at the Texas State Historical Association website
Footprints of Fayette article